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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2008-12-09 13:10
[Invited Talk] Cognitive competence required for spoken language performance and computational competence realized by spoken language engineering
Nobuaki Minematsu (Univ. of Tokyo) NLC2008-29 SP2008-84
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) The performance and flexibility of speech recognition and synthesis technologies have been remarkably enhanced by introducing statistical modeling of speech sounds, before which, waveform-based or spectrum-based templates were stored and used for acoustic matching and speech generation. However, a large gap cannot be denied yet between the computational competence realized by spoken language engineering and the cognitive and language competence of humans. Acoustic models used for speech recognition are often built after collecting utterances of thousands of speakers. Human infants, however, acquire spoken language by hearing a remarkably speaker-biased speech corpus; mother, father, and themselves. In speech synthesis, a synthesizer generates speech sounds of the speaker used to train the synthesizer. No infant, however, impersonates its parents to acquire spoken language. Although the aim of spoken language engineering is to realize the man-machine interface based on spoken language, a large gap still exists between humans and machines. The author wonders whether this gap is due to the technical immatureness or due to researchers' immatureness of understanding humans. Considering the information processing of severely damaged autistics, for whom spoken language is very difficult to acquire, and that of the other primates than humans, who cannot acquire spoken language, this paper discusses the cognitive competence required for spoken language performance and the computational competence realized by spoken language engineering.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) spoken language performance / spoken language engineering / variability and invariance / relative sense of tone / autistics / primates / evolution / structural phonology  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 108, no. 338, SP2008-84, pp. 31-36, Dec. 2008.
Paper # SP2008-84 
Date of Issue 2008-12-02 (NLC, SP) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685    Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
Copyright
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reproduction
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
Download PDF NLC2008-29 SP2008-84

Conference Information
Committee SP NLC  
Conference Date 2008-12-09 - 2008-12-10 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) Waseda Univ. 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English)  
Paper Information
Registration To SP 
Conference Code 2008-12-SP-NLC 
Language Japanese 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Cognitive competence required for spoken language performance and computational competence realized by spoken language engineering 
Sub Title (in English)  
Keyword(1) spoken language performance  
Keyword(2) spoken language engineering  
Keyword(3) variability and invariance  
Keyword(4) relative sense of tone  
Keyword(5) autistics  
Keyword(6) primates  
Keyword(7) evolution  
Keyword(8) structural phonology  
1st Author's Name Nobuaki Minematsu  
1st Author's Affiliation The University of Tokyo (Univ. of Tokyo)
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Speaker Author-1 
Date Time 2008-12-09 13:10:00 
Presentation Time 50 minutes 
Registration for SP 
Paper # NLC2008-29, SP2008-84 
Volume (vol) vol.108 
Number (no) no.337(NLC), no.338(SP) 
Page pp.31-36 
#Pages
Date of Issue 2008-12-02 (NLC, SP) 


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