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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2012-06-23 10:30
Sign, Language and Conditioned Reflex -- Inspired by Suzuki Takao's "Vocal Communication in Bird : A Semiotic Analysis" --
Kimiaki Tokumaru (System Engineer) TL2012-1
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) The author got unimaginable occasions to participate a bimonthly linguistic salon, Taka-no-Kai, hosted by Suzuki Takao, reading his books and listening to his speeches. It was valuable and stimulating for my research on the origin and mechanism of language to directly have access to Suzuki’s unique ideas and original experiments. Taking this opportunity, I would like to express my deepest appreciation to Prof. Suzuki and secretariat of the Salon and brief on the ideas and breakthrough that I obtained through Taka-no-kai activities.
He pointed out that, while call notes of birds are representation of their emotions, human can create signs independent from emotions. Thus human signs are arbitrary and he called such signs as “Empty Signs”. Contrary to other linguists who tried to identify linguistic elements in animal communication, he tried to discover animal semiotic factor in human language. He introduced the observation and experiments of ethologists, Timbergen and Lorenz, on the Innate Releasing Mechanism (IRM) and Releaser Stimuli. Timbergen revealed that releasing stimuli were simple pattern memory of short neck bird and its flying direction. Then all of a sudden, a sentence in Pavlov’s Conditioned Reflex popped up: instinctive reactions are reflexes. If so, instinctive IRM, Reflex/Conditioned Reflex and human language are identical semiotic phenomena, taking place by pattern matching between input stimuli and pattern memories.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Semiotics / Empty Signs / Izutsu Toshihiko / Spinal Reflex / Instinct / Innate Releasing Mechanism / Taka-no-kai / cerebral aqueduct  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 112, no. 103, TL2012-1, pp. 1-6, June 2012.
Paper # TL2012-1 
Date of Issue 2012-06-16 (TL) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685    Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
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Conference Information
Committee TL  
Conference Date 2012-06-23 - 2012-06-23 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) Waseda University 8th 303-305 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English) Text and Discourse, etc. 
Paper Information
Registration To TL 
Conference Code 2012-06-TL 
Language Japanese 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Sign, Language and Conditioned Reflex 
Sub Title (in English) Inspired by Suzuki Takao's "Vocal Communication in Bird : A Semiotic Analysis" 
Keyword(1) Semiotics  
Keyword(2) Empty Signs  
Keyword(3) Izutsu Toshihiko  
Keyword(4) Spinal Reflex  
Keyword(5) Instinct  
Keyword(6) Innate Releasing Mechanism  
Keyword(7) Taka-no-kai  
Keyword(8) cerebral aqueduct  
1st Author's Name Kimiaki Tokumaru  
1st Author's Affiliation Satellite System Engineerr (System Engineer)
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Speaker Author-1 
Date Time 2012-06-23 10:30:00 
Presentation Time 30 minutes 
Registration for TL 
Paper # TL2012-1 
Volume (vol) vol.112 
Number (no) no.103 
Page pp.1-6 
Date of Issue 2012-06-16 (TL) 

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