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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2016-07-23 15:15
Theoretical linguistics, psycho-linguistics, and foreign-language learning -- A model of their knowledge cycle --
Toshiyuki Yamada (Gunma Univ.) TL2016-16
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) In linguistic research, theoretical linguistics, psycho-linguistics, and foreign-language learning have been studied in their own ways. To establish their organic relationship, I will propose a model of knowledge cycle. A driving force for the cycle is sentences containing grammatical errors made by foreign-language learners (e.g., *John like apples). The ungrammaticalness of each sentence can be tested by psycho-linguistic experiments such as acceptability judgments, reaction-time tasks. Attested ungrammatical sentences can be used for theory construction in theoretical linguistics. Insights gained through such error analysis can be applied to devise effective input for efficient learning of foreign languages. Based on further learning, learners produce a new set of ungrammatical sentences, which drives the cycle again. In this paper, I will report and discuss the results of a preliminary study that collected ungrammatical sentences from Japanese learners of English as a foreign language. The data were collected by a free-writing task from a group of 16 non-English majors and a group of 20 English-majors. Five major types of error were identified: determiner, preposition, number agreement, subject-verb agreement, and tense/aspect. The results showed that (i) non-English majors made the larger number of errors compared to English majors, and (ii) even English majors made a number of errors in the determiner, which suggested that Japanese learners have difficulty learning the determiner system in English. Theoretical and practical/educational implications are discussed in terms of the proposed knowledge cycle.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) theoretical linguistics / psycho-linguistics / foreign-language learning / knowledge cycle / ungrammatical sentences / free-writing task / Japanese learners of English as a foreign language /  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 116, no. 159, TL2016-16, pp. 19-24, July 2016.
Paper # TL2016-16 
Date of Issue 2016-07-16 (TL) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685    Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
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Conference Information
Committee TL  
Conference Date 2016-07-23 - 2016-07-24 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) Waseda Univ. (Nishi-Waseda Campus) 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English) Human Language Processing and Learning 
Paper Information
Registration To TL 
Conference Code 2016-07-TL 
Language English (Japanese title is available) 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Theoretical linguistics, psycho-linguistics, and foreign-language learning 
Sub Title (in English) A model of their knowledge cycle 
Keyword(1) theoretical linguistics  
Keyword(2) psycho-linguistics  
Keyword(3) foreign-language learning  
Keyword(4) knowledge cycle  
Keyword(5) ungrammatical sentences  
Keyword(6) free-writing task  
Keyword(7) Japanese learners of English as a foreign language  
1st Author's Name Toshiyuki Yamada  
1st Author's Affiliation Gunma University (Gunma Univ.)
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Date Time 2016-07-23 15:15:00 
Presentation Time 30 minutes 
Registration for TL 
Paper # TL2016-16 
Volume (vol) vol.116 
Number (no) no.159 
Page pp.19-24 
Date of Issue 2016-07-16 (TL) 

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